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Turkey needs to have a new and greater comprehensive approach for technological know-how, in line with Canan Dağdeviren, a pinnacle scientist who currently leads a research organization at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
“Unfortunately, I experience just like the first-rate of education has been lowered dramatically … But if I may want to do it then they also can do it,” stated Dağdeviren, who mentors younger Turkish minds from the U.S. And who in 2015 became named inside the “Top 35 Innovators Under 35” (inventor category) through MIT Technology Review and inside the “Top 30 Under 30 in Science” through Forbes.
Q: Who is Canan Dağdeviren and what is she working on?
A: I believe humans resemble their hometowns. I am like Istanbul, the town that connects two continents through bridges. Like Istanbul, I bridge the distance among difficult, boxy electronics and gentle, time-dynamic elastic biology. Today’s electronics are up to six times stiffer than smooth tissue inside the human body. So whilst you want to combine electronics with the body there are intense challenges. Because we can not exchange biology we provide you with new methods to make digital devices that have the shape and mechanical homes matching human tissues. I create routinely adaptive electromechanical structures within the form of sensors and trans-users and those gadgets can be seamlessly carried out to any curvy a part of your frame. They are mechanically invisible and you don’t sense like you have got something for your skin; it acts like a skin, even as trying to translate organic language into digital language so as to understand what is going on to your frame. These gadgets are smart interfaces between patients and medical doctors.
Q: Can you provide a concrete instance of a tool you have been operating on?
A: We make devices, for example, that may be a part of one’s non-public garment inclusive of your bra, undies, blouse or trousers, so you can area these gadgets at the pinnacle of your frame and they could screen changes in stiffness. For instance, for melanoma and skin most cancers patients we have a device that is the type of like a tattoo that you could follow to part of your body and this device can create a colorful map of stiffness version. When you visit a medical doctor they first behavior bodily palpation to your skin a good way to discover the stiffer location, however with the device you don’t want a medical doctor or to rely on the sensitivity of a health practitioner’s fingers.
Q: Tell us, fine or bad, how your adventure in Turkey has been an aspect for your profession.
A: My tradition has helped me lots. It may be very embracing, it means you are exactly at speak to human beings by means of the use of a cup of Turkish espresso or a chunk of Turkish pride. The colorings of my lifestyle help me too: For instance, the distinct shades in a Turkish carpet encourage me to create my gadgets in an exclusive manner.
The important obstacle I even have had comes from looking to convince humans of my college for physics even though I am a girl, looking to persuade humans that I can do it. Unfortunately, in Turkey center, technological know-how including chemistry, physics, and mathematics are assumed to be non-perfect for women. I could do anything I even have carried out in both the U.S. Or in Turkey, we’ve got the same materials, tools, etc. But the principle lacking issue is the environment: In Turkey, I could handiest create my devices after around 10 years, compared to three hundred and sixty-five days within the U.S. Over there they don’t question you and don’t query the nature of your research. The handiest question you get is: How are we able to help you? In Turkey, you continually should convince people about your studies and say you may do it. In Turkey, you need to gain the accept as true with of human beings, even as in the U.S. Humans generally tend to accept as true with others by means of default.
Q: Do you watch this is associated with the truth that Turkey lags in the back of technology?
A: In Turkey, I think we don’t ask sufficient questions. There is no freedom to question; you can not choose your teacher. If you achieve this, you could fail to your elegance and your friends may also observe you in a distinct manner. But in technology, you need to ask questions. Without thinking you can’t pursue technological know-how. And you can most effective ask questions in a loose environment. If freedom is constrained, it way you are restricted.
Q: Who are the principle personalities which have stimulated you?
A: [The late theoretical physicist and politician] Erdal inönü and Pierre Curie are my biggest inspirations. My mum is my largest motivation; I am what I am nowadays due to her.
Q: What is the most meaningful of all awards you have obtained?
A: My election to the Society of Fellows at Harvard University, once I turned into selected as the first researcher from Turkey since 1933. It is an exceptional networking region. The award went past my private achievement, as it is a manner for me to represent my beautiful united states. In Turkey I don’t most effective speak approximately technology, I additionally communicate approximately lifestyle, the circle of relatives contributors to Istanbul, and my interactions with students.
Q: How do you percentage your stories with people in Turkey?
A: I use social media and online, systems to engage with younger Turkish minds. Every Sunday I sleep hours less and I do Skype mentoring with Turkish primary college students, excessive school students and parents. And I attempt to supply inspiring talks in cities throughout Anatolia. I had been to many cities such as Adana, Konya, and Erzurum. I needthe decision of their thoughts. I need them to assume: “If she will do it, we can also do it.” I changed into additionally educated in Turkey, and if I could do it then they can also do it. We have to share high-quality matters, now not handiest poor ones.
Q: It has been greater than a decade considering you have been directly involved with the schooling machine in Turkey. What are your observations approximately the training gadget through those interactions?
A: Unfortunately, I experience the excellent of education has been decreased dramatically. As a scientist I try and be the very goal, however, it is very apparent that scholars are sad and dissatisfied. They don’t even understand what they may be studying. They can’t clear up questions significantly; they need to have selective answers. I as soon as requested my nephew a query and he or she asked me: “What are the options?” She couldn’t a solution except she had alternatives. This is improbable. We can’t build a future in this form of educational machine, we ought to make an exchange.
Q: What is gender discrimination like inside the U.S., to your enjoy?
A: Gender discrimination is everywhere. It is a global trouble. It isn’t a great scenario everywhere, but things are becoming better. Even in this century, even at an awesome organization like MIT woman scientists are paid 10 percentage much less than male scientists. During my negotiations for my task, I instructed them that if I am presented a dollar less than my male colleagues I would now not take the location.
Q: Can Turkey make a leap ahead and capture up with the advanced world in science?
A: If there may be sufficient dedication, time and hard work, then there’s always desire. We simply want an extra systematic way of pursuing technological know-how in our co